Date: 5th day of 5th lunar month
2014 date: June 02
2015 date: June 20
2016 date: June 09
Tet Doan Ngo is the Vietnamese version of Chinese Duanwu festival (literally: Tết: festival, Đoan: the start/straight/middle/righteousness/just, Ngọ: the seventh animal of the Chinese zodiac- the Horse) – Compare to Cantonese Chinese term “dyun eng” (which is duan wu in Mandarin Chinese) ngo/eng/wu all refer to the ancient Chinese calendar term: the seventh of the twelve ‘earthly branches’, which was a component for determining time based on a series of 60 years (just as today we refer to 100 year periods as centuries).) Ngo/eng/wu refers to the sun at noon.
– Tết Đoan Dương (Dương: yang) – yang being sun
– Tết Trùng Ngũ (Trùng: double, Ngũ: the fifth),
. Tết Đoan Ngũ, Tết Trùng Nhĩ or Tết Nửa Năm (Nửa Năm: a half of a year) is a festival celebrated at noon on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month. This day is the day around the time when the tail of the Great Bear points directly to the south, that is, around the time of the summer solstice. At this time, the universe brings the greatest amount of yang or maleness in the entire year. Therefore, creatures and people must become stronger in both their health and their souls to overcome this.
In Vietnam, this day is also the death anniversary of National Mother Âu Cơ.
Rượu nếp, a sticky rice wine, is traditionally eaten on this holiday. Bánh tro, a kind of bánh lá, is used during this holiday. Bánh tro is considered as “cool”, symbolized yin because it includes vegetable ash water as an ingredient. Bánh tro is a perfect match with extreme hot day like May 5 in the lunar year.